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1 January

From The Great War 1914-1918

Great War events that took place on 1 January.

1915 (Friday)

Western Front French take a wood near Mesnil, Champagne.
Eastern Front Russians advance on the Uzsok Pass and in the Bukovina.
Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres Heavy fighting at Sarikamish (Russian Armenia).
Naval and Overseas Operations HMS Formidable torpedoed by German submarine and sunk in the English Channel.
Political  ▶  Institution of the Military Cross announced (Warrant of 28 December 1914).  ▶  Dr. John Clifford's speech at Westbourne Park Chapel.

1916 (Saturday)

Eastern Front Russian Offensive on the Strypa and the Styr (Galicia).[a] Indecisive fighting in the north throughout the month.[b]
Southern Front King Peter of Serbia reaches Salonika.
Naval and Overseas Operations British take Yaunde (Cameroons).
Political  ▶  Canada increases her overseas force to 500,000.  ▶  Tsar Nicholas II of Russia is appointed British Field Marshal.

1917 (Monday)

Western Front Normal activity proceeding. Sir Douglas Haig promoted to Field Marshal.
Eastern Front  ▶  Stubborn fighting in Carpathians on Moldavian frontier; slight enemy progress at various points.  ▶  Enemy in touch with Sereth lines at Focsani and Fundeni.  ▶  Further enemy progress at the Macin bridgehead (Dóbruja).
Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres General Sir R. Wingate becomes High Commissioner of Egypt.
Naval and Overseas Operations  ▶  Transport Ivernia sunk by submarine in Mediterranean; 153 missing.  ▶  British carry German lines near Lissaki in the Mgeta valley (German East Africa), and pursue enemy towards the Rufiji valley at Kibambawe.
Political Publication of denunciation by Turkey of Treaty of Paris (1856) and Treaty of Berlin (1878).

1918 (Tuesday)

Western Front  ▶  German raids near Loos, Méricourt, and on other portions of front fail.  ▶  French repulse raid at Beaumont (Verdun).
Eastern Front  ▶ Reported German peace term cause consternation in Russia and denounced as annexationist.[c]  ▶ M. Litvinov appointed Bolshevik Plenipotentiary in London.
Southern Front  ▶  Austrians bomb Bassano, Treviso and Mestre (Venice).  ▶  Successful British raid across the Piave river.  ▶  Austrians driven from Zenson.
Asiatic and Egyptian Theatres British advance continues north of Jerusalem.
Naval and Overseas Operations HMS Arbutus and HMS Grive (small vessels) reported torpedoed.
Political  ▶  Inter-allied War Purchases Committee meets in Paris.  ▶  Calcutta: All-India Moslem Association formed.[d]


  1. General Ivanov began an offensive at the close of December and the beginning of January on a 250-mile front from the Pripet marshes to the Rumanian frontier. Heavy losses were suffered on both sides and no decisive results were obtained, but the offensive gave the Allies time to consolidate their position at Salonika.
  2. Russian aim in the northern sector was gradually to push the Germans out of their positions before Riga and Dvinsk: by content local attacks they deprived the Germans of the winter's rest promised to them by Hindenburg.
  3. Petrograd reports that German Peace Note declares occupation of Poland, Courland, Lithuania and Estonia to be an indispensable condition of peace. News of departure of British and French ships from Archangel creates deep impression and is considered premature by friends of Western Powers.
  4. "All-Indian Moselm Association," under Prince of Arcot, formed in Calcutta to oppose Home Rule doctrines of "Indian National Congress" and "All-Indian Moslem League."
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